What’s the deal with CBD?

What’s the Deal with CBD?

CBD is short for cannabidiol, and is most commonly extracted from hemp, but can also come from the marijuana plant. It has a chemical cousin, THC, which we know to produce a high when smoked or consumed.

Both CBD and THC are both compounds found in cannabis that interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS). The effects of cannabis happen as a result of the specific receptors in the body attaching to specific receptors in the body.

The 2 Cannabinoid Receptors.

There are 2 main types of cannabinoid receptors: CB1 and CB2. CB1 cannabinoid receptors are found abundantly in the brain. These receptors mainly deal with coordination, movement, pain, emotions, mood, thinking, appetite, memories, among other important functions.

CB2 cannabinoid receptors are found in fewer quantities and mostly reside in the human immune system. They regulate inflammation and pain.

CBD works by directing the body to use more of its own locally sourced endocannabinoids — after all, they already do so much!

How to Safely Shop and Find CBD:

CBD is much looser regulations than cannabis and THC. Not all states require CBD manufacturers to accurately label their products. This should give the average consumer reason to be skeptical.

The source of your CBD matters because heavy metals and other contaminants might be used in manufacturing and subsequently found in the final product. A note to also add is the difference between “full spectrum” and “broad spectrum”. Whenever possible, opt for the more narrow one. In this case, “broad” is more narrow than “full”. The spectrum in these phrases refer to the percentage distribution of cannabinoids in the product (which includes CBD and THC). Generally, a broad spectrum CBD oil will contain less THC than the more inclusive full spectrum CBD.

Go to your local cannabis dispensary and talk to the staff who work there. Cannabis dispensaries are regulated and licensed by city, state and federal laws — making that the safest source for your CBD to date.


Indoor Vs. Outdoor for Potency, Terpenes and Flavor

Indoor Vs. Outdoor

Nowadays, “outdoor” has been given the new name “sungrown”, which isn’t untrue. Most people have a strong preference for weed grown indoors, while others prefer the subtleties and flavor of outdoor-grown weed.

We have heard recently from one of our partners, founders of Kamatree whose entire line is sungrown (outdoor) cannabis. One of the founders, Tomas says he had a “sustainable awakening” when he grew identical clones – one indoor, and one outdoor. The difference was night and day. He found that the complexity and depth of terpenes on the sun-grown plant made the indoor smell like cardboard (relatively speaking, of course). One of the biggest attraction is that sun-grown has a much smaller carbon footprint.

The biggest noticeable difference between indoor and outdoor grown cannabis is the visual appearance and the smell. Because the plant grown outdoors must withstand the elements, like wind, rain, sunlight and moonlight, the buds tend to have a more weathered appearance. It also tends to look darker, feel lighter and more loosely packed compared to indoor. Some cannaseurs believe that properly grown outdoor bud has subtleties in the flavor that can’t be matched by indoor-grown, which sometimes can taste like the fertilizer with which it was grown.

Plants grown indoors use artificial light in a completely closed environment. The conditions for plant growth are 100% controlled. All of this directly affects the strain’s inherent ability to properly express its desired traits, where some traits are suppressed and others exaggerated.

Whereas bud grown indoors gives growers complete control of the entire production process, including room temperature and air circulation. For the discriminating cannabis user with a sensitive palate, these factors might be very important to you.

So, Which Is Better Indoor or Outdoor Cannabis?

Simple answer: try both, and decide for yourself. Potency doesn’t really vary between indoor and outdoor, so it mostly boils down to personal preference. Do you like strong-smelling bud with a gorgeous coat of sugary crystals? Indoor is probably for you. For those of you who like a sustainable product with subtle flavors? You can come in to the ECO shop to ask one of us to recommend an outdoor-grown strain.


How I Became My Daughter’s Drug Dealer

how marijuana thc edibles and cannabidiol cbd gummies can help for treating anxiety and depression

How I Became My Child’s Drug Dealer

By Julia Bailey

Before you report me, let me explain . . . 

When my daughter went off to college, her anxiety, which she had been managing well for years, erupted like a mushroom cloud. I was proud of her for facing it head on by visiting the student health center, updating her anxiety treatment, trying acupuncture, doing yoga, and finally, keeping a stash of weed at the ready. She explained to me how it helped when she felt panic attacks coming on, and for unwinding after classes and studying were done for the day. Also, let’s be honest, marijuana came in handy for partying and hanging out with friends.

They’re saying now that anxiety is an epidemic with children, especially when they leave the nest. Studies show that campus rates of moderate to severe anxiety rose from 17.9% in 2013 to 34.4% in 2018. Do we blame screens? Social media? Increased scheduling and competition? Over parenting? I say probably all of the above. It’s a crazy, crazy world they are growing up in, and thanks to hyper-connectivity, they know all about it in real-time. For my daughter, her anxiety symptoms have always been linked with her ADHD. Weed helped her with that too.

When I found out how much she was relying on cannabis for anxiety, and how much it she said it was helping her, I decided to learn more about this stuff I grew up thinking was just-plain wrong. Luckily, I have a friend and neighbor who is a cannabis expert and soon-to-be-published author on the subject. Penny grows towering cannabis plants in her lovely, little backyard and makes her own tinctures, salves, and teas from the harvest. She and her business partner, Kaisha, a cannabis writer and historian, host workshops in the East Bay. That’s where my education began.

At one of their Let’s Sesh Workshops, I learned about the long history of cannabis, the criminalization, the legal aspects today, but my biggest take-way was that cannabis truly is a medicine, and my daughter’s self medication with it is a good thing. Well, mostly a good thing. She was buying it from a friend she trusted but still had no idea what was in it and where it came from, and she probably wasn’t using the cannabis strain that could really help her.

Most people have heard about Indica and Sativa. Indica is the short, bushy, sturdy plant with wide leaves that treats things like insomnia, chronic pain, anxiety symptoms, and loss of appetite. Sativa is the taller, tree-like plant with thin leaves that is stimulating, increases creativity, lack of focus, depression, and fatigue. These two monikers are broad strokes and some say dubious distinctions. Penny broke down the science even more. We got into the cannabinoids and terpenes in a very granular way. 

In short, the most common cannabinoids are THC, which get you “high” and usually is invited to the party. Then there is CBD, which is used for the health and therapeutic benefits, and is getting prescribed more and more these days. My parents are even talking about CBD. The truth is that THC and CBD work really well together, synergistically, like ying and yang. At a dispensary, look for a 1:1 ratio to find this pairing. When looking for cannabis products and strains, it’s all about the ratios:

0:1—All THC, no CBD, so likely to intoxicate and cause euphoria. 

1:1—Calming, effective for pain, sleep, and inflammation. Excellent all purpose help.

1:0—All CBD, no THC. Anti-anxiety. Zero high.

So my daughter was probably using 0:1 off the street or something close to that, even though she would get better and more long-lasting results results from something in the 1:1 to 1:0 range. The only way to really know is to go to a reputable dispensary. Even getting CBD at your local pharmacy isn’t a good idea because it’s not currently regulated. So after the workshop, we all went on a “field trip” to ECO (Equity|Cannabis|Oakland) where a friendly and knowledgeable “Budtender” helped me pick out my daughter’s birthday present. Also, I may have picked up a few goodies for myself as well.

I’m not suggesting you all go out and buy weed for young kiddos. It’s not good for developing brains. However, I would recommend that you talk to your children about the real facts about marijuana before they head off into the world. Packing a tincture, tea, balm, or even some CBD-rich pre rolls in their duffel before you drop them off at the dorm will not make you a bad parent, just a realistic and well-informed one,

My daughter was thrilled with her gifts, and after a few weeks, she let me know how much the CBD Selfies were helping and asked for more. I took the opportunity to tell her more about what I have been learning, and recommended a CBD/THCA tincture for her to try and she said, “Never thought the day would come when you know more about this stuff than me.”

So, you know, technically I AM her drug dealer, but I prefer to look at it as me trying to provide another safe and effective medical solution for her anxiety.

Once again, welcome to Eco Cannabis. If you liked reading about how marijuana (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) can help for treating anxiety and depression

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Why Are More Older People Using Cannabis?

The rumor that more older people are using cannabis is true. That’s according to a study published in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence in 2018 that suggests increasing numbers of middle-aged and older adults are using cannabis.

Based on data gathered in the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) from 2015 and 2016, researchers found that about 9 percent of U.S. adults between ages 50 and 64 used marijuana in the previous year and 3 percent of people over 65 used the drug in that same time period. That’s up from 2013 when the same survey reported that 7 percent of middle-aged Americans used marijuana in the previous year, and only 1.4 percent of people over 65.

And it doesn’t seem to be once or twice. Study authors found that because 5.7 percent of middle-aged respondents said they’d tried it in the past month, it’s likely they’re also a group who uses cannabis often.

Why Are Older Americans Using Cannabis?

Older Americans are using cannabis for the same reasons everyone else is: because it’s enjoyable or to self-medicate.

In regards to medical uses, another 2018 study published in the Journal of the American Geriatric Society (JAGS) found that the most common reasons were pain (64 percent), sleep (38 percent), anxiety (24 percent), depression (22 percent), and appetite stimulation (18 percent).

Why Now?

older americans using cannabis edibles

The United States is experiencing a dramatic increase in the acceptance of cannabis use. This is occurring at the same time that our elderly population is increasing. Indeed, Baby Boomers have higher rates of substance use compared to any previous generation.

And cannabis is also more available. A 2015 study using the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions showed that the prevalence of cannabis use more than doubled from 2001–02 to 2012–13.

What Are Older People Consuming?

buds on oil

The study published in JAGS found that the older American who uses cannabis seems to favor edibles (42 percent), more than smoking (29 percent). Respiratory issues associated with age may be one reason smoking is not as popular. Lotions and oils were also favorites among respondents.

Dr. Benjamin Han, an assistant professor of internal medicine at New York University School of Medicine and lead author of the study that analyzed NSDUH data, warned that baby boomers who’ve had prior experience with marijuana shouldn’t necessarily use the same amount that they did when they were young. The potency of today’s cannabis is a lot higher than in the 60s and 70s and their ability to metabolize the drug is likely different. As Han put it, “A smaller amount is going to hit you a lot harder when you’re older.”

Cannabis has a lot to offer, so it’s no surprise that as the stigma recedes, more Americans are turning to it to help them cope with a variety of ailment or for pleasure. If you’re new to cannabis, there are plenty of resources available to help you —including our skilled Experience Guides at our Oakland Dispensary. Stop by for help picking the perfect cannabis products for your goals.