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Education Terpenes

What Do Wine And Weed Have In Common? More Than You Think.

What Do Wine And Weed Have In Common? More Than You Think.

After a long day, what’s better than a glass of wine or a joint — or BOTH. The truth is, weed and wine have more in common that most of us think. For starters, they are both relaxants, which is why we reach for them at the end of a full day. Wine contains plant compounds that affect the kind of enzymes that controls stress in the brain. Not to mention, alcohol in general has an impact on our central nervous systems. One of the effects of weed is on the hippocampus, the part of the brain that is associated with anxiety and PTSD.

From The Earth

They both feature aromatic compounds from seed and plant cultivation. For weed, the flavors are largely affected by the terpenes. Terpenes are source for the unique flavor profiles of various strains of cannabis. The scent of these can be smelled and activated when you break apart cannabis flower (between your hands or in a grinder). This releases the terpenes.

The final results of both wine and weed are highly dependent on the special characteristics of plant growth. There is a concept in the wine world called “terroir.” You have heard this before. This is all about the geography, climate and geology of where it is grown. This also has to do with the sunlight, soil and water that contribute to the flavors and aromas of the wine (and cannabis too!) It’s why wine from Italy is priced differently from wine from Wyoming. Many cannabis connoisseurs believe that “terroir” applies just as much to cannabis as it does to wine.

When you break down some of the biggest contributors to wine and weed quality. They are largely the same. The quality of the final product is highly susceptible to the environment.

Soil

Soil affects how the grape ripens, and there are decades of research that delve into the science and chemistry behind what types of soil produce the best environment for the grapes to grow. The dust levels, relative wetness or dryness of the soil affect how the plant absorbs the essential nutrients. The same is true for cannabis. Cannabis cultivators each have their specific preferences of soil mixtures, potting techniques and how to arrange the plants in a room. The details and inputs are endless!

Temperature

Perhaps the biggest difference between growing grapes and cannabis is that cannabis can be grown both indoor and outdoor. Whereas, grapes for wine are (for the most part) all grown outdoors. This means Mother Nature plays a big role in determining the quality of the crop.

Light

Of course, we all know that plants need natural sunlight to grow. Is anyone else thinking back to a visit to the Science Center as children, or with children? The basics of plant growth remain the same. Both grapes and cannabis need light to grow. With indoor-grown cannabis, there are specific elements that the grower can control. It really is fascinating, and we have previously written about the differences between indoor vs outdoor grown cannabis.

As a society, weed and wine have been around for millennia. Both alcohol and cannabis also had eras of acceptance and prohibition. Perhaps the most common thing between weed and wine is that consumers begin to shop and consume specific strains of cannabis plant, or specific types of grape, because of a taste preference. Do you like bold flavors? You’re likely into Cab’s. Do you like a lot of gas in your weed? You probably like the OG strain(s). Whichever one you reach for more, and for whatever reason, it is a really wonderful thing to have options for relief and relaxation. Of course, we’re a little biased towards weed, but we’re glad you have the choice.

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Education

Indoor Vs. Outdoor for Potency, Terpenes and Flavor

Indoor Vs. Outdoor

Nowadays, “outdoor” has been given the new name “sungrown”, which isn’t untrue. Most people have a strong preference for weed grown indoors, while others prefer the subtleties and flavor of outdoor-grown weed.

We have heard recently from one of our partners, founders of Kamatree whose entire line is sungrown (outdoor) cannabis. One of the founders, Tomas says he had a “sustainable awakening” when he grew identical clones – one indoor, and one outdoor. The difference was night and day. He found that the complexity and depth of terpenes on the sun-grown plant made the indoor smell like cardboard (relatively speaking, of course). One of the biggest attraction is that sun-grown has a much smaller carbon footprint.

The biggest noticeable difference between indoor and outdoor grown cannabis is the visual appearance and the smell. Because the plant grown outdoors must withstand the elements, like wind, rain, sunlight and moonlight, the buds tend to have a more weathered appearance. It also tends to look darker, feel lighter and more loosely packed compared to indoor. Some cannaseurs believe that properly grown outdoor bud has subtleties in the flavor that can’t be matched by indoor-grown, which sometimes can taste like the fertilizer with which it was grown.

Plants grown indoors use artificial light in a completely closed environment. The conditions for plant growth are 100% controlled. All of this directly affects the strain’s inherent ability to properly express its desired traits, where some traits are suppressed and others exaggerated.

Whereas bud grown indoors gives growers complete control of the entire production process, including room temperature and air circulation. For the discriminating cannabis user with a sensitive palate, these factors might be very important to you.

So, Which Is Better Indoor or Outdoor Cannabis?

Simple answer: try both, and decide for yourself. Potency doesn’t really vary between indoor and outdoor, so it mostly boils down to personal preference. Do you like strong-smelling bud with a gorgeous coat of sugary crystals? Indoor is probably for you. For those of you who like a sustainable product with subtle flavors? You can come in to the ECO shop to ask one of us to recommend an outdoor-grown strain.

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Terpenes

Terpene Profiles: Terpinolene, a Potent and Rare Essential Oil

If you visit our cannabis blog with any frequency, you know that we expend a lot of effort examining terpenes, the fragrant hydrocarbons—in other words “essential oils”—that give different strains of cannabis their distinctive and characteristic flavors and aromas.

It’s part of what we like to think of as a fresh new approach to cannabis, one that takes the whole plant into account, not just the name of its strain or even its cannabinoid content.

But why terpenes? It turns out they have a lot to do with the effects any particular strain has on our bodies and our minds. They contribute aromas, flavors, and a whole lot more, ranging from the powerful anti-inflammatory effects of bisabolol to the analgesic properties of caryophyllene and beyond.

Terpenes flowers and vials

Terpenes occur everywhere in the natural world, giving many plants their distinctive characteristics. But today we’ll focus in on a single terpene—terpinolene—and the qualities it gives our favorite all-natural product: The cannabis plant!

What Does Terpinolene Smell and Taste Like?

Terpinolene sounds an awful lot like another terpene, terpineol. But while that terpene occurs in abundance in the cannabis (and many other) plants, terpinolene may be the most elusive terpene of all. Though it’s found in many strains of cannabis—we’ll share a few in a moment—it typically only appears in very small quantities. Still, when it does show up, it adds a lot.

Terpinolene is often described as having a complex, citrusy, floral and piney aroma, not too dissimilar from the superficially similar terpineol. But above all, terpinolene has an intriguingly “fresh” scent associated with it, one reason it’s often used as an additive in soaps, cosmetics, and perfumery. Elsewhere in the natural world, it appears in cumin, nutmeg, lilac flowers, and the tea tree.

What Does Terpinolene Do For Us?

Again, as with terpineol, the fact that Terpinolene occurs in tea tree is a hint to its antibacterial properties. Research published in 2015 examines the role the terpene—as well as other natural extracts and oils—can play in fighting some common (but dangerous) bacteria including Salmonella and E. coli.

Like several other terpenes, terpinolene may play a role in combating insectile pests. According to a 2009 study, the terpene may help drive away both mosquitoes and boll weevils.

Terpinolene oil and dropper

What’s more, terpinolene may even help safeguard our heart health. A 2005 study found that the compound might help us avoid coronary heart diseases.

How to Get Terpinolene from Cannabis

As we noted earlier, terpinolene typically occurs in very small amounts in cannabis strains. That said, its powerful aromatic and medicinal qualities help make them particularly unique. Some of the more popular terpinoline-rich strains include:

Dutch Treat: A notably head-clearing strain, announced by an earthy pine aroma. While it’s powerfully euphoric, this strain is popular for folks who want to keep on a generally uplifted, creative roll.

Sour Tsunami: This strain is notable for being one of the first to be bred specifically for high CBD over THC content. It’s effective for treating pain and inflammation without producing significant Psychoactivity. Its CBD levels can test as high as 10 – 11%, while THC is usually under 10%.

Shipwreck: Characterized as a sativa, this unusual strain gives users a mellow lift that syncs well with getting things done. It can also impart a strong body buzz, so watch out: Shipwreck can be sleep-inducing depending on dosage and your individual tolerance.

Terpinolene bud

Looking for some terpinolene-rich strains? Stop by our Oakland dispensary or check out our online dispensary menu!

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Terpenes

Terpene Profiles: Terpineol, the Cannabis Plant’s Relaxing, Pine-Scented Powerhouse

Even if you haven’t visited our beautiful Oakland dispensary yet, we’re pretty sure you know what we’re about: A fresh and new approach to cannabis, one that takes into account the whole plant, not just its strain, its cannabinoid content, or any of the other ways to characterize this most beneficial of plant medicines.

We spend a lot of time focusing on the subject of terpenes, the fragrant hydrocarbons—that’s “essential oils” to you and me—that give individual cannabis plants their distinctive and characteristic flavors and aromas.

Terpineol nugget and pine needles

Why terpenes? It turns out they’re are a big deal, contributing a lot more than aroma and flavor. For literally thousands of years now, Chinese physicians and practitioners of “folk medicine” have known that different cannabis plants elicit specific responses in our bodies: The linalool in many strains (as well as lavender) has relieved stress for eons; eucalyptol has calmed our bronchial passages since we first inhaled its cooling, mentholated aroma.

Terpenes occur in abundance in the natural world, giving many plants their identifying characteristics. But today we’ll focus in on a single terpene—terpineol—and the qualities it gives our favorite all-natural product: The cannabis plant!

What Does Terpineol Do For Us?

Like many other terpenes, terpinoel is found in abundance in the natural world. You’ll find it in pine, bitter orange, tea tree, and roughly 150 other sources. Many describe it as having an agreeable sweet lime flavor and an aroma similar to fresh lilacs. For these reasons it’s often used in perfumes, soaps, and as a flavoring in foods.

Chemically speaking, “terpineol” is actually a family of four closely related terpenes, each with slightly different characteristics. A-terpineol, for instance, is one of the most important aromatics found in lapsang souchong tea (no surprise, as this intense and lovely tea is dried over pinewood fires.)

Terpineol and pine needles

The fact that terpineol occurs in tea tree is a hint to its antibacterial properties. In fact, at least one study has found that the terpene is effective against E. coli, one of the most feared and troublesome food-borne pathogens. This is noteworthy, as these food-borne bacteria can cause very serious illness or even death.

What’s more, terpineol has noted sedative and anxiolytic properties as well. In addition to anecdotal reports of “couch lock” associated with high-terpineol cannabis strains, a study concluded that terpineol and other similar terpenes had anesthetic qualities associated with them.

How to Get Terpineol from Cannabis

Terpineol is considered one of the “primary terpenes,” so it’s reasonably common in many cannabis strains. Some of the more popular include:

Terpineol strains

White Widow is a potent, crystal-dusted strain, known for imparting a strong euphoric and energizing effect. Those resinous crystals should serve as a warning: This is an extremely potent strain with a high THC content.

GSC (formerly known as Girl Scout Cookies) is a potent high-THC strain also known for a robust CBD and CBN content. Be forewarned: The high is an enjoyable experience, but not one noted for high productivity!

Jack Herer: A legendary strain among medical cannabis users, this strain—named for the legendary cannabis activist and author of The Emperor Wears No Clothes—lends a blissful, clear-headed, and inspiring. Again, these qualities are all in accord with limonene’s noted mood-enhancing gifts.

If you have thoughts, questions or know-how about terpineol, stop by our Oakland dispensary! Already know which strains you want? Feel free to order online!

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Terpenes

Terpene Profiles: Geraniol, a Floral Anti-Bacterial Powerhouse from Cannabis

If you’ve visited our beautiful Oakland dispensary, you’re probably well aware that we’re big on the subject of terpenes, those fragrant hydrocarbons—or “essential oils”—that give cannabis strains their distinctive and characteristic flavors and aromas.

What’s the big deal? For one, we think that describing a cannabis plant’s terpene makeup is a fantastic way to determine its attributes — one that ultimately provides the end user (that’s you) with more descriptive and actionable information.

Geraniol geraniums and vials

Plus, terpenes contribute a lot more than odors and flavors. Although practitioners of “folk medicine” have known it for thousands of years, terpenes elicit specific responses in our bodies. The linalool in lavender has been used as a natural stress-reducer for eons; eucalyptol has eased respiratory symptoms since we humans first inhaled its cooling, menthol aroma.

Terpenes occur everywhere in the natural world, giving many plants and other beings their characteristic odors and flavors. But today we’re going to focus in on a single terpene—geraniol—and the qualities it gives our favorite all-natural product: The cannabis plant!

What Does Geraniol Do For Us?

As you might have guessed, geraniol is commonly associated with the geranium flower and its distinctive, delicate scent, which some describe as a cross between roses and fresh green leaves. It’s also found in the tobacco plant and in lemons (geraniol sometimes goes by “lemonol,” not to be confused with limonene.

Whatever you call it, one of this terpene’s primary uses is as an all-natural repellent for insects and certain parasites. But inside our bodies, research suggests that geraniol helps fight Candida, a fungus responsible for yeast infections and thrush.

But there’s more. According to one study, geraniol can also help fight some truly nasty intestinal bugs, including Campylobacter, E. coli, and Salmonella. This is potentially a huge deal, as these food-borne bacteria can cause very serious illness or even death. In our book, any all-natural remedy that helps boost our resistance to these pathogens is worth investing more research and study in.

Other studies point to powerful anti-inflammatory as well as antioxidant and even anti-tumor effects, suggesting that there’s much more to learn about this lovely and floral terpene.

A note of caution: Be aware that high levels of geraniol in topicals like skin creams are associated with skin irritation for some users; research thoroughly before using any such products that may have a high concentration of this terpene.

geraniol anti-inflammatory

How to Get Geraniol from Cannabis

Geraniol is considered one of the “primary terpenes,” so it’s reasonably common in many cannabis strains.

When you stop by our Oakland dispensary, our Experience Guides can help you find the perfect strain or cannabis product to help you achieve your desired effects. Let your guide know that you’re looking for cannabis strains high in geraniol or which have inflammatory effects and she’ll point you in the right direction!

Already know what you want? Our online dispensary menu makes ordering easy! Quickly find your desired product , then swing by our Oakland dispensary to pick it up!

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Education Terpenes

Terpene Profiles: Camphene, Cannabis’s Unique Heart-Health Booster

If you’ve spent any time at all perusing our website or our blog (or, better yet, visited our beautiful Oakland dispensary), you know that we approach cannabis a little bit differently than most. We’re of the opinion that a particular cannabis plant’s terpene profile determines its qualities, not only in terms of flavor or aroma but more importantly, its effect on our bodies.

How? Simple, really: Terpenes are a class of fragrant hydrocarbons (that’s “essential oils” for the non-scientific). They occur in huge abundance in the natural world, giving plant products like fruits, herbs, and spices their specific characteristics.

Camphene tinctures

We humans have known for eons that specific terpenes elicit particular effects. Since time immemorial, Chinese doctors have used borneol as a digestive aid and treatment for respiratory issues; limonene has imparted a general sense of uplift and mood enhancement since humans first cultivated the lemon.

Nor is this “mere” folk medicine. Whether or not you believe we have something to learn for thousands of years of medical wisdom, modern research is validating many of our hunches about plant-based medicines like terpenes. And that brings us to the star of today’s blog: Camphene, a musky and pungent terpene with some very potent implications for improved heart health.

What Does Camphene Do For Us?

As the name suggests, camphene has a strong camphor-like odor. Some compare its aroma with fir or other evergreen needles, and musky, damp earth. In this regard, it’s superficially similar to myrcene, the most abundant terpene in cannabis. However, camphene is typically present in far smaller concentrations, if at all.

If camphene isn’t that common in cannabis, it makes up for it in medical promise. A 2011 study on rodent models found that it reduced cholesterol and triglyceride levels, two major factors in heart disease and stroke. Interestingly, the study was designed to compare the effects of terpenes; it found that camphene exhibited beneficial effects above many more common terpenes.

Camphene Heart in Flower

Another study in 2012 bolstered these findings, also finding that camphene reduced some types of pain. It could be used as an alternative to statins, currently one of the most common classes of cholesterol-lowering drugs. While they’re effective, they come with a host of serious side effects that can limit their long-term use.

How to Get Camphene from Cannabis

Camphene isn’t one of the “primary terpenes,” so finding it in concentrated doses here can be a challenge. A complicating feature is that the smoke produced by burning camphene can be acrid and irritating. We recommend that if you seek out camphene-rich cannabis strains, you try to obtain them in tinctures or some other form that doesn’t involve heating the material to high temperatures.

Camphene Ghost OG

Ghost OG: Derived from the popular OG Kush strain, its fans describe a balanced body / mind effect, and a marked ability to cut through pain, insomnia and anxiety.

Camphene Mendocino Purps

Mendocino Purps: With a “woodsy pine” aroma characteristic of camphene, this award-winning variety is linked with pain and insomnia relief. Be careful; some users report it has a heavy and immediate sedative effect.

Camphene Strawberry Banana

Strawberry Banana: A resinous and THC-heavy strain, this sweet-tasting variety is known for inspiring “happy, peaceful” effects and enhanced sensory awareness.

Stop by our Oakland dispensary to get help choosing the strain that’s right for you. Know what you want? Order online and skip the wait!

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Terpenes

Terpene Profiles: Linalool, Cannabis’s Stress-Fighting Medicine

Terpenes aren’t the only plant compounds found in the cannabis plant, nor are they the only “active ingredients” contained in this incredible and unique botanical family. But here at ECO Cannabis, we believe they’re one of the most important determinants of a particular cannabis plant’s essential character.

Linalool person with bud in hand

Not only do terpenes give each of those plants its distinctive flavor and aroma, but all those terpenes—there are over 200 of them!—have medical attributes as well, bringing their own unique healing to the table, both alone and in collaboration with others.

One of the most important and effective of these is linalool, the focus of today’s post. In addition to being—let’s just face it—kind of fun to say out loud a bunch of times, linalool has powerful stress-fighting characteristics, a quality also evident in another plant in which it occurs: Lavender. Let’s learn a bit more about this very distinctive, complex, and floral terpene!

Linalool and lavender

What Does Linalool Do For Us?

We humans have known since ancient times that inhaling the scent of lavender, a unique and uniquely beautiful herb native to the Mediterranean region—and an essential ingredient in the southern French herb blend Herbes de Provence—has a marked and calming effect.

And we’re not the only animals to experience this. A rodent-based study found that even rats benefit from linalool’s stress-reducing qualities.

We already accumulate linalool from other sources, such as food. Even those who abstain from cannabis typically consume about two grams a year. There’s no harm in this; linalool dissipates relatively quickly and unlike cannabinoids, isn’t stored in our fatty tissues.

Linalool 3

In addition to reducing stress, linalool has other real-world applications such as:

Anti-Depressant: Stress and depression are closely related, and in another rodent-based study, researchers found that the terpene helped mice reduce depression-like behavioral signifiers and pushed them to continue trying to escape otherwise threatening or fatal situations in which they were placed (like forced swimming).

Anti-Microbial: Like some other terpenes, linalool has the potential to fight infections, an especially important use in an era of otherwise drug-resistant microbes.

Pain Relief: Linalool exhibits a wide range of effects on our central nervous system, helping regulate brain chemicals such as adenosine and glutamate. But in one particularly fascinating study, patients who had recently undergone gastric banding surgery demonstrated a marked decrease in their reliance on opioid painkillers.

How to Get Linalool from Cannabis

Linalool medical professional looking at bud

Linalool is one of the “primary terpenes,” and it’s highly abundant in cannabis. A distinct lavender-like scent is a good tip-off to a high linalool content. Strains that feature linalool include:

Lavender: No surprise a strain named after nature’s most recognizable source of linalool would contain a hefty dose of it! Lavender is highly relaxing, with moderate sleepy and euphoric effects as well.

LA Confidential: Another calming and often sleepy-feeling strain, like Lavender, it’s savored as a highly relaxing experience and a strong pain-fighter as well.

Amnesia Haze: As the name suggests, this strain may inspire deep forgetfulness! With a notably euphoric onset, the generally happy, uplifted and relaxed effects make this a venerable and well-loved cannabis strain.

Ready to experience the benefits of terpenes? Stop by our Oakland dispensary. Our Experience Guides will help you find the best products for the effects you want!

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Terpenes

Terpene Profiles: Borneol, a Powerful and Unique Pain-Fighter from Cannabis

As an educated cannasseur, you’re probably already familiar with cannabinoids such as THC and CBD. But we believe that terpenes are perhaps the most important determinant of a particular cannabis plant’s essential character, not only its taste or smell but its medicinal properties as well.

And when it comes to borneol, we’re not alone. In traditional Chinese medicine it’s known as “moxa,” and when harvested from the artemesia family of flowering plants—such as mugwort—it’s compacted into fragrant “sticks” used to relieve pain and correct other bodily imbalances.

Borneol sticks

As with everything related to cannabis, there’s more to the story. Borneol brings some very powerful and unique pain-fighting and other qualities to bear.

What Does Borneol Do For Us?

Borneol has been known to Chinese physicians for at least 2,000 years and possibly much longer. Its aroma is often characterized as “earthy” with distinct notes of “camphor” and a “cooling” quality.

Borneol

Like many other terpenes, borneol has powerful pain-fighting applications. What distinguishes it is the absence of sedative qualities. In other words, it tends to numb pain but not knock you out.

A rodent-based study from 2013 found a significant decrease in nociceptive pain—or that incurred from physical injury—as well as anti-inflammatory effects. Another study showed that borneol was an effective topical to combat pain, merely confirming what Chinese acupuncturists had known for centuries.

In addition to fighting pain, borneol has been used in the following ways:

Safeguarding Heart Health: Borneol appears to have anti-coagulative qualities as demonstrated by a 2008 study. Another rodent-based study showed that borneol had a role to play in preventing strokes.

Neuroprotectant: A 2011 study demonstrated that borneol acts as a protectant against toxicity on the cellular level. This holds promise for those suffering from neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.

Natural Insect Repellent: There’s a growing awareness of the damage synthetic pesticides wreak on the environment, and borneol may have a role to play here. A 2015 study suggests its effectiveness in controlling mosquitoes who transmit potentially fatal diseases such as West Nile Virus.

How to Get Borneol from Cannabis

Borneol cannabis flower

Borneol isn’t one of the “primary terpenes,” so finding it in concentrated doses here can be a challenge. That said, many “haze” strains such as K13-Haze commonly feature this elusive terpene. K13-Haze is often described as having a strong citrus and nearly metallic flavor with spicy notes (another characteristic of borneol). It’s typically a high-THC plant, with moderate- to high-psychedelic effect.

Looking to get specific effects from your cannabis? Our Experience Guides would be happy to help you find the right terpene-rich strains and products! Stop by our Oakland Dispensary, or check out our online menu.

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Terpenes

Terpene Profiles: Caryophyllene, A Spicy, Peppery Medicine from the Cannabis Plant

If you’ve been reading our blog, you know we’ve been hot on the trail of terpenes, the fragrant hydrocarbons (or essential oils) that give different strains of cannabis—and many other plants and natural substances—their distinctive aromas and flavors.

We believe assessing terpenes is one of the most important—some would say the most important—ways to assess and characterize cannabis strains. Today, we’re going to dive into the story of one of the most distinctive and medically useful of these compounds: caryophyllene.

If you’ve ever sensed a pleasantly peppery aroma or flavor in cannabis—one reminiscent not only of black peppercorns but oregano, cloves, and rosemary—you’re picking up on its caryophyllene content.

But what is it doing for our bodies? As is so often the case, the inside story is so much deeper than we could have imagined!

Caryophyllene- cloves in a bowl

What Does Caryophyllene Do For Us?

Caryophyllene is one of the “primary terpenes,” meaning it’s relatively abundant in cannabis. Like many other terpenes—including humulene and pinene—it exhibits powerful analgesic (or pain-fighting) effects.

But unlike those terpenes, caryophyllene is the only one known to interact with our bodies’ CB2 receptors, just like cannabinoids like THC and CBD do. That gives it extra potential to fight both inflammation, as research suggests, and anxiety and depression, at least in rodent-model studies. Here are some other known effects of ingesting caryophyllene.

Pain Relief: As noted above, caryophyllene has powerful pain-fighting qualities. Because it binds directly to our bodies’ cannabinoid receptors, it’s often found in topicals and salves, such as the ones we offer on our online dispensary menu.

Reduced Alcohol Craving: It appears that caryophyllene may have a role to play in reducing alcohol dependence. A study published in 2014 found that the terpene reduced alcohol intake, again in rodent models. Of course, “mice aren’t men,” as the saying goes, but we’re anxious to see further research that could benefit those who suffer from alcohol dependence.

Anti-Cancer: For many scientists, finding a cure for cancer is researchers’ holy grail, the single most pressing question in the entire field of medicine. While we’re not quite there yet, some compounds found in the cannabis plant show real promise. One of them is—you guessed it— caryophyllene. Separate studies in Canada and South Korea have demonstrated this powerful terpene’s ability to assist in the destruction of cancer cells, at least in the laboratory. You can rest assured this research will only continue.

Caryophyllene - peppercorns in a bowl

How to Get Caryophyllene from Cannabis

Because of its relative abundance, it’s not difficult to find caryophyllene in cannabis. Here are a few of our favorite strains rich in this powerful terpene:

Super Silver Haze is a famous and popular sativa strain, typically characterized by piney, citrusy and peppery aromas. It does tend to be buzzy and energetic, and some find it causes distracting “racing mind” effects. On the other hand, it’s beloved by many creatives for its energizing and inspiring qualities.

OG Kush is a potent high-THC strain, and its piney, peppery and earthy aromas lead many fans to label it the ultimate “dank” weed. Its pleasurable effects include strong euphoria and general uplift, but be forewarned: It can exhibit powerful “couch lock”!

Ready to try some caryophyllene-rich strains? Visit our Oakland dispensary for high-quality cannabis products and an experience you won’t soon forget!

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Terpenes

Terpene Profiles: Limonene, A Zesty, Citrusy Medicine from the Cannabis Plant

If you’ve been reading our blog, you know that we’re highly focused—so to speak—on terpenes, the fragrant hydrocarbons (or essential oils) that give different strains of cannabis—and many other plants and natural substances—their distinctive aromas and flavors.

While terpenes aren’t the only “active ingredients” in the cannabis plant, we believe they’re among the most important. Not only do they lend each plant its distinctive flavor and aroma, but all those terpenes—and there are over 200!—have medical attributes as well, bringing their own unique healing to the table, both alone and in collaboration with others.

Today, we’re going to look at limonene, one of the most distinctive of all terpenes. As you might guess, it has a characteristic lemony aroma. It’s found in citrus rinds and has been used in medicines, foods, and even all-natural cleaning products for many years.

Limonene does a lot for our bodies—and also for our minds. Let’s dive in and learn a bit more about this fascinating plant compound and how we interact with it!

Limonene - oils in front of lemon slices

What Does Limonene Do For Us?

Though many primary terpenes such as humulene and pinene exhibit anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, one of limonene’s greatest gifts may be as a “helper terpene,” facilitating the absorption of other terpenes through the skin, mucous membranes, and gut.

That last part of the body is important when it comes to limonene: Many of the terpene’s benefits center on healthy digestion and gut function. Other potential benefits include:

Anti-Cancer: Fighting cancer remains one of medical researchers’ highest priorities, and like many other terpenes, limonene may have a role to play. Studies published by the University of Arizona suggest that limonene helps to regulate our immune system—hugely important in fighting cancer as well as many other diseases—but may also play a direct role in controlling the spread of certain cancers themselves.

Anti-Fungal: As a study has demonstrated, limonene exhibits powerful antifungal characteristics. Because it’s so readily absorbed through the skin, this may make it a promising treatment for stubborn fungal infections such as athlete’s foot and yeast outbreaks.

General Mood: Anecdotally, many fans report that limonene lends a generalized feeling of uplift and well-being. That’s certainly the case with high-limonene cannabis strains, as we’ll see below.

Limonene - buds around lemons

How to Get Limonene from Cannabis

Limonene is one of the “primary terpenes,” and it’s highly abundant in cannabis. That said, not all high-limonene strains smell like fresh lemons; sometimes the terpene may have a more subtle citrus scent, or even not one at all!

Strains with “lemon” in their name are a good indicator of limonene content. Others include:

Sour Diesel: An invigorating strain with a pungent scent, it’s known for long-lasting cerebral and energizing effects. Limonene uplift is evident in its noted anti-depressive qualities as well.

Jack Herer: A legendary strain among medical cannabis users, this strain—named for the legendary cannabis activist and author of The Emperor Wears No Clothes—lends a blissful, clear-headed, and inspiring. Again, these qualities are all in accord with limonene’s noted mood-enhancing gifts.

OG Kush is a potent high-THC strain, and its piney, peppery and earthy aromas lead many fans to label it the ultimate “dank” weed. Its pleasurable effects include strong euphoria and general uplift, but be forewarned: It can exhibit powerful “couch lock”!

Looking for high-limonene strains? Stop by our Oakland dispensary for high-quality cannabis—or check out our online dispensary menu.